is one of the oldest Scientific and Comprehensive system
of martial training in Kerala originated in the 12th century
AD. The word "KALARI" means a military training
place specially constructed practicing area and "PAYATTU"
means fight with accepted norms of techniques and body
massage. Badagara in Calicut District is the main
center for Kalaripayattu. The master of Kalaripayattu,
is known as Gurukkal. Kalari is a temple of learning and
a temple of religious worship, with a cult and ritual
of its own. The training includes self disciplinary training
and physical culture. The students are given regular physical
exercises and training in the use of Kuruvadi (Short stick)
Spear, Dragger, Sword, Shield etc. They are also given
training in the Marmas, i.e., the vulnerable points in
the human body. The training aims at the ultimate co-ordination
of mind and body. It includes the special system of full
body oil massage to develop flexibility and muscular texture
and to stimulate blood circulation to maintain good health.
a martial dance among Nair's of Travancore depicting ancient
warfare. It depicts a mock fight representing the battle
between Pandavas And Kauravas at Kurukshethra.
is a martial folk dance with swords and shields in hands
and singing martial songs in Malabar Area.
an important contribution of Kerala in the field of martial
arts. Tellichery in Cannore District is the home of Circus
in India. Keeleri Kunhi Kannan, a master in Kalaripayattu
and wrestling founded the First Circus. Many circus companies
were later started. Over 48 such companies out of 50 in
India are owned by Malayalees of Tellicherry. Valeru (Sword
Throwing), Kunderu and Njanimelkali (rope walking) are
other forms of martial dance performed during temple festivals