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MARTIAL ARTS
 
Kalaripayattu  
This is one of the oldest Scientific and Comprehensive system of martial training in Kerala originated in the 12th century AD. The word "KALARI" means a military training place specially constructed practicing area and "PAYATTU" means fight with accepted norms of techniques and body massage. Badagara in  Calicut District is the main center for Kalaripayattu. The master of Kalaripayattu, is known as Gurukkal. Kalari is a temple of learning and a temple of religious worship, with a cult and ritual of its own. The training includes self disciplinary training and physical culture. The students are given regular physical exercises and training in the use of Kuruvadi (Short stick) Spear, Dragger, Sword, Shield etc. They are also given training in the Marmas, i.e., the vulnerable points in the human body. The training aims at the ultimate co-ordination of mind and body. It includes the special system of full body oil massage to develop flexibility and muscular texture and to stimulate blood circulation to maintain good health.
 
Velakali  
Is a martial dance among Nair's of Travancore depicting ancient warfare. It depicts a mock fight representing the battle between Pandavas And Kauravas at Kurukshethra.
 
Parisakali or Parichamuttukali  
This is a martial folk dance with swords and shields in hands and singing martial songs in Malabar Area.
 
Circus
Is an important contribution of Kerala in the field of martial arts. Tellichery in Cannore District is the home of Circus in India. Keeleri Kunhi Kannan, a master in Kalaripayattu and wrestling founded the First Circus. Many circus companies were later started. Over 48 such companies out of 50 in India are owned by Malayalees of Tellicherry. Valeru (Sword Throwing), Kunderu and Njanimelkali (rope walking) are other forms of martial dance performed during temple festivals
 

 

 

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